Source: QUR’AN and BIBLE
Where can we find God’s written instructions for us? Readers of the Qur’an will already have some ideas about this, for there is frequent mention made in the Qur’an of what is called “God’s Word.” In the beginning of the Qur’an we read: “[The righteous] trust what has been revealed toyou [Mohammed] and to others before you, and firmly believe in the life to come.”—surah 2: 4 Al-Baqara.
What is meant by “what has been revealed . . . to others before you”? Three separate writings are mentioned in the Qur’an. One is alluded to in the fifth surah, Al-Ma’ida ,in verses 43 and 44. There, we read: “How will they come to you for judgement, when they already have the Torah which enshrines Allah’s own judgement? Soon after they are bound to ignore you: they are no true believers. There is guidance, and there is light, in the Torah which We have revealed.” Hence, the Torah, the writings of Moses, are referred to in the Qur’an as the Word of God.
Again, we read in the Qur’an: “Your Lord is best aware of all who dwell in heaven and earth. We have exalted some prophets above others. To David We gave the Zabur (Psalms), (surah17:55 Al-Isrā). Noteworthy, too, are the following words: “We have revealed Our will to . . . Noah and to the prophets who came after him; . . . to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and . . . David, to whom We gave the Zabur (Psalms), (surah 4:163 Al-Nisa’) Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac and Jacob are all referred to in the writings of Moses, the Torah.
The third writing referred to in the Qur’an is called the “Gospel.” On this, the Qur’an reads: “After those prophets We sent forth Jesus, the son of Mary, confirming the Torah already revealed, and gave him the Gospel, in which there is guidance and light, corroborating that which was revealed before it in the Torah, a guide and an admonition to the righteous. Therefore let the followers of the Gospel judge in accordance with what Allah has revealed therein. Evil-doers are those that do not base their judgements on Allah’s revelations.”—surah 5: 46, 47 Al-Ma’ida.
Every careful reader of the Qur’an has seen that the Torah, the Psalms and the Gospel are time and again shown to be God’s Word. In the one hundred fourteen surahs, or chapters, of the Qur’an, at least sixty-two verses point out that these three writings come from God. And at least twelve other verses say that the Qur’an was written for the purpose of confirming these books.
Here are some of these verses. “Children of Israel . . . Have faith in My revelations, which confirm your Scriptures.” (surah 2:40, 41 Al-Baqara ) “A Book confirming their own has come to them from Allah.” (surah 2: 89 Al-Baqara) “When it is said to them: ‘Believe in what Allah has revealed,’ they reply: ‘We believe in what was revealed to us.’ But they deny what has since been revealed, although it is the truth, corroborating their own scriptures.” (surah 2: 91 Al-Baqara) “He has revealed to you the Book with the truth, confirming the scriptures which preceded it; for He has already revealed the Torah and the Gospel for the guidance of men, and the distinction between right and wrong.” (surah 3: 3, 4 Al-Imran) “This is a blessed Book which We have revealed, confirming what came before it.” (surah 6: 92 Al-An‛am) “If you doubt what we have revealed to you, ask those who have read the Scriptures before you.” (surah 10: 94 Yunis) “What We have revealed to you in the Book is the truth confirming previous scriptures.”—surah 35 verse 31 Al-Fatir.
However, the Qur’an makes the additional point that merely knowing which books are God’s Word is not enough. We have to do what those books say. “Say: ‘People of the Book, you shall not be guided until you observe the Torah and the Gospel and that which is revealed to you from your Lord.’” (surah 5: 68 Al-Ma’ida. See also surah 3: 93 Al-Imran) The Qur’an also says: “Those to whom the burden of the Torah was entrusted and yet refused to bear it are like a donkey laden with books.”—surah 62 verse 5 Al-Jum‛a.
To sum up, the Qur’an teaches that these three writings, the Torah, the Psalms and the Gospel, are from God. They should be both recognized and obeyed. Do you know where we can find these writings today? They have been collected together into one book, which has become the most widely distributed publication in the whole world. This book the whole or in part has been translated into more than seventeen hundred languages. It is the Bible.
Let us repeat a verse from the Qur’an that was quoted earlier. “After those prophets We sent forth Jesus, the son of Mary, confirming the Torah already revealed, and gave him the Gospel, in which there is guidance and light, corroborating that which was revealed before it in the Torah, a guide and an admonition to the righteous. Therefore let the followers of the Gospel judge in accordance with what Allah has revealed therein. Evil-doers are those that do not base their judgements on Allah’s revelations.”—surah 5:46, 47 Al-Ma’ida.
Is the Bible Still the Word of God?
Sometimes a different objection is raised. Some feel that the Bible was the Word of God, but it has been distorted and corrupted by men so that now we can no longer trust it. Can this be true?
The Qur’an calls the Torah and the Injīl “the Book of Enlightenment.” (surah 3:184 Al ‘Imran; surah 35:25 Faṭir) Scores of Qur’anic verses state that these books are from God. (surah 2:89 Al-Baqarah; surah 6:92 Al-An‘am) Concerning both the Torah and Injīl, we read: “Wherein is guidance and a light.” (surah 5:44, 45 Al-Ma’idah) Furthermore, surah 5:46 Al-Ma’idah says about the Torah: “Therein is the (plain) command of God.” Many of the great interpreters (such as Al-Jalalayn, Al-Fakhr Al-Razī, Al-Ṭabarī, and Al-Bayḍawī) acknowledge that according to the Qur’an, the Torah is called “the Book of God” (surah 3:23 Al ‘Imran) and “the Book which helps to make things clear.” (surah 37:117 Al-Ṣaffat) Nevertheless, some still believe that the present-day Torah and Injīl have been corrupted and cannot be trusted. But if this were true, when did this falsification take place?
From a Qur’anic viewpoint, no corruption could possibly have occurred before the writing of the Qur’an because many Qur’anic verses call for faith in the Torah and the Injīl. (For example, see surah 2:136 Al-Baqarah; surah 3:84 Al ‘Imran; surah 4:136 Al-Nisa’.) The Qur’an also recommends seeking out those versed in the Torah and the Injīl, saying: “If ye realise this not, ask of those who possess the Message.” (surah 16:43 Al-Naḥl; surah 21:7 Al-Anbiya’) Would it do so if these texts had been corrupted? Furthermore, many Qur’anic verses call out to “People of the Book” (the Torah and the Injīl) to turn back to their books. (For instance, see surah 5:48, 68 Al-Ma’idah) Surely, an invitation would not be given to turn back to corrupted books!
Likewise, no corruption could possibly have occurred after the writing of the Qur’an, since a comparison of our modern-day Holy Scriptures with manuscripts of the Torah and the Injīl written four or five centuries before the writing of the Qur’an shows that there have been no changes, or corruption. These manuscripts are available in public libraries and museums. (look under for some of their addresses!)
The Bible is substantially the same. Certainly, the Bible has not changed since those words were written in the Qur’an saying that in the Gospel “there is guidance and light.”Thus, a person who believes in the Qur’an will agree that the Bible has not been corrupted and that it is still the Word of God. Allah’s words can’t be chanced, surah18:27 Al-Kahf;10:64 Yunis. ( See also Isaiah 40:8)
Can It Possibly Be Said That Christ Is the Son of God?
It is unthinkable that God should have a son resulting from relations with a woman or that he would marry and beget children. God is unique. What humans do to reproduce should never be applied to him. This is precisely what the Holy Scriptures teach and emphasize.
Why, then, do the Holy Scriptures use the expression “son of God” in many instances? For example, it is said that Adam was a “son of God.” (Luke 3:38) But how could that be? The Torah explains: “And God proceeded to form the man [Adam] out of dust from the ground and to blow into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man came to be a living soul.” (Genesis 2:7) Therefore, Adam was called a son of God because his life came from God without human parents. Similarly, Jesus Christ is called the son of God, for his life came directly from God. We read in the Qur’an: “The similitude of Jesus before God is as that of Adam; He created him from dust, then said to him: ‘Be’: And he was.” -surah 3:59, Al‘Imran.
Language also permits a figurative use of the word “son.” In Arabic, for example, the expression “son of the village” is used to refer to a native villager, and the expression “the son of the language” is used to indicate the speaker of a tongue. Of course, such expressions do not mean that either the village or the language has literally begotten children through marriage! Similarly, in surah 2:177 Al-Baqarah the rendering “wayfarer” is a translation of the Arabic expression “son of the road.” Here again no one can say that the road has actually married and thereby produced a son. Likewise, when the Qur’an employs such expressions as “the face of God,” “the Hand of God,” and “mounted He the Throne,” these are not understood literally. (surah 2:115 Al-Baqarah; 48:10 Al-Fatḥ; 7:54 Al-A‘raf) Finally, not all Muslim scholars object to the use of the expression “son of God” in the Injīl. Both Imam Abū Ḥamid Al-Ghazalī and Ibn Qutaybah accept it as a figure of speech.
What the Qur’an Says About Christ
♦ The angels announced good news from God to Mary. She would give birth to Jesus. — surah 3:45 Al ‘Imran.
♦ He was born of God’s spirit, without a human father.— surah 21:91 Al-Anbiya ;19:19-22 Maryam; 3:47 Al ‘Imran.
♦ He was born holy (“faultless”).— surah 19:19 Maryam.
♦ God made of him a sign for mankind and a mercy from Him. —surah 19:21 Maryam.
♦ It was said of him that he was the Word of God and a Spirit from Him.—Compare surah 3:45 Al ‘Imran; 4:171 Al-Nisa; 19:34 Maryam.
♦ God appointed him as prophet and apostle.— surah 4:171 Al-Nisa; 19:30 Maryam.
♦ God taught him the Book and Wisdom, the Torah and the Injīl.— surah 3:48 Al ‘Imran.
♦ He performed miracles from God, and was strengthened by Him with holy spirit.— surah 2:87 Al-Baqarah; 5:114 Al-Ma’idah.
♦ He healed the blind and the lepers, raised the dead, and foretold the unknown.— surah 3:49 Al ‘Imran.
♦ God rendered him to be in honor in this world and forever after and in the company of those nearest to God.— surah 3:45 Al ‘Imran.
♦ God caused Christ to die, raised him to life, and then lifted him up to Him.— surah 3:55 Al ‘Imran, 19:33 Maryam.